Glossary of 60 Pilates Terms You Should Know

Glossary of 60 Pilates Terms You Should Know

The Extensive Glossary of Pilates Terms Pool

Do you know doing Pilates improves flexibility with enhanced levels of mental awareness?

Did you know there is a whole glossary of Pilates terms that will help you achieve optimal results?

Did you know every Pilates exercise is accompanied by a glossary of Pilates terms?

By educating yourself with simple Pilates terms, you can enhance your ability to do Pilates with ease.

While doing Pilates have you come across the word “dorsiflexion”, but failed to attach a sensible meaning to it? Does your trainer, guide, or online class speak in eloquent Pilates terms while you fail to grasp the relevant connotation?

Have you ever done the wrong exercise because your perspective regarding the term “extension” didn’t match the jargon of Pilates Term?

We firmly believe that without the basic knowledge of certain activities, there is a related cause of lowering your interest for that particular event.

You are bound to lose interest eventually, and in order to avoid getting bored, we present the extensive glossary of Pilates terms that will help you do Pilates exercises accurately and efficiently.

Glossary of 60 Pilates Terms:

The key benefit of educating yourself with Pilates terms is the fact that it helps you exert proper control, and garner a better posture while doing the Pilates exercises. Below, we have enumerated a Glossary of 60 Pilates Terms that are essential for you to know.

Now be a pro with our extensive guide on the various Pilates terms.

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  1. Abs

The crux of Pilates exercises lies within your abs, or abdominals, that are simply the muscles of your stomach. Abdominal is the prime area where Pilates exercises focus on strengthening.

  1. Adduction

Adduction is an exercise that focuses on the center of your body. This includes lowering either hand from the a “T” position, down to your sides.

  1. Anterior

This is a movement in Pilates exercises that focuses on your core and frontal side of the body. Usually, includes the plank exercise.

  1. Abduction

Abduction is the exercise of bringing your arms out in order to form a ‘T’ position, and its primary effect lies within the center of your body.

  1. Barrels

Barrels are an effective Pilates apparatus for helping you improve your breathing and posture. It works efficiently against your spine in order strengthen your posture, arms, and legs.

  1. BEAM

BEAM is an acronym for four core principles of Pilates exercises which are Breathe, Energize, Align, and Move. It is the fundamental principle of doing any Pilates exercise.

  1. Breathing

Breathing during Pilates effectively works your whole body. It engages your abs, legs, arms and also purifies your lungs.

  1. C-Curve

C-Curve is basically named after the position your torso makes when you are in a flexed position.

  1. Cadillac

Cadillac, also called the Trapeze Table, is a horizontal table raised at a height accompanied by strings and levers. It is equipment used for Pilates exercises which are often also combined with different straps or bars.

  1. Centering

Centering, or often referred to as Powerhouse, is the crux of Pilates. Every exercise affects your center part of the body. Strengthen your center is the primary focus here, and the process is referred to as Centering.

  1. Tucked Chin

Tucked Chin is stretching your muscles in the neck by bringing forward your chin. In order to perform tucked chin, all you need to do is bow your head forward and stretch so that the strain falls on the muscles at the back of your neck.

  1. Cervical Spine

Above the thoracic spine lies your cervical spine. This is the vertebrate bone in your neck.

  1. Coccyx

The coccyx is the tailbone, and the lowest part of the vertebral column.

  1. Core Strength

Core strength refers to working up your pelvic floor, abs, and muscles of the back which provide a stabilized environment for your spine.

  1. Dorsiflexion

Dorsiflexion is the movement of bringing your toes back and touching your shins. The move is completed when you stretch your toes at your ankle and then come back to the original position.

  1. Extension

As the term suggests, it involves stretching and increasing the distance between two points.

  1. Flexion

Flexion is the complete opposite of extension. It means decreasing the distance between two points.

  1. Foot Walk

This is a type of Pilates exercise where your walk solely on the balls of your feet. Your heels are off the floor.

  1. Ground Reaction on Body

Ground Reaction on Body is simply the force that the ground exerts when in contact with a body.

  1. Hip Belt

Hip Belt is basically an accessory that brings your hip bones close and more efficiently engages your transverse abdominals while exhaling.

  1. Hyperextended

Hyperextended is stretching your legs or arms beyond the reasonable limits in order to put pressure on your muscles thus helping you to improve flexibility.

  1. Imprinting

Imprinting is considered as one of the classical styles of Pilates exercises. It effectively works up your spine when you lay down on your back thus maintaining closeness between your spine and the mat.

  1. Inner Eye

Inner Eye is simply being aware of your alignment and posture.

  1. Intercostal Muscles

The muscle between each rib cage is called the “Intercostal Muscle”. These muscles help exert proper control during contraction and expansion of the rib cage during breathing.

  1. Leveling

Leveling is focusing on keeping your eyes on a horizontal plane. This helps you to maintain balance, and effective neck posture.

  1. Lumbar Spine

Lumbar spine is the region above the sacrum and below the thoracic spine.

  1. Lateral Move

This is a movement near the side of your body.

  1. Midline

Pilates focuses on the center of your body. Midline refers to the line from the top of your head to your feet.

  1. Isometric Device

Isometric device is a simple, flexible ring which is accompanied with handles. They are used in order to strengthen the inner thighs, upper arms, and neck.

  1. Marionette String

A marionette string is a simple string that effectively covers the entire length of your spine from crown to feet.

  1. Neutral Pelvis

Neutral pelvis refers to the primary point involving pelvic exercises. It helps to level two hip bones efficiently.

  1. Neutral Spine

Neutral spine is the essence of a balanced spine. An unbalanced spine will harm your muscles while doing Pilates exercises.

  1. Pilates Stance

Pilates Stance is often referred to as “Ballet Position”. Your heels are close together while your toes are apart.

  1. Parallel Stance

When your knees, legs, and feet are perfectly aligned below your hip joints, the stance is referred to as Parallel stance.

  1. Pelvic Floor Muscle

When performing Kegel exercises, the deep internal muscles that are used are known as “Pelvic Floor Muscle”. It is also the muscle used in order to halt urination.

  1. Plantar Flex

This position involves flexing your toes away from your shins.

  1. Posterior

Posterior is the back side, or region of your body. Your posterior posture plays a significant role while doing Pilates.

  1. Post-Lateral Breathing Movement

When you inhale without exhaling, and maintain contraction of the rib cage, but also enable expansion of rib cage, this process is referred to as “Post-Lateral Breathing”. This could take years of practice and expertise to perform.

  1. Powerhouse

Powerhouse packs energy and is the center of many Pilates exercises. It includes pelvic muscles, hip joints, lower abs, and also back extensors.

  1. Pooched Abs

Weak abs jut out, which is a sign of pooched abs. It weakens your exercises.

  1. Sacrum

Below the coccyx and above the lumbar spine stands the sacrum. It is a triangular shaped bone forming the base of the spine and pelvic center.

  1. Scapula

The scapula is an alternative term for shoulder blades.

  1. Supine

Supine is the position when you lay down on your back. Most of Pilates exercises require you to be in supine position.

  1. Reformer

The reformer is equipment which is meant to improve your torso posture, along with alignment. It includes a gliding platform that can be used for sitting or kneeling with straps, bars, and pulleys to hold for support.

  1. Scoop Abs

To stabilize and support your back, you need to draw in your deep layers of abs muscles. This process is called “Scoop Abs”.

  1. Shoulder Blades Back Push

“Shoulder Blades Back Push” is simply pushing your shoulder blades backward and pushing your hands into your back pocket.

  1. Sit Up

Sit Up refers to sitting straight without slumping or crouching. This strengths your spine and avoids back aches.

  1. Quick Breathes

Inhale two times through the nose, and exhale two times through your mouth in quick motions and repeat the activity.

  1. Spine Correctors

Spine Correctors is a piece of Pilates exercise equipment meant to help you acquire perfect posture of the spine.

  1. Top Table

This is an exercise that involves your legs making a 90-degree angle while you lie down with your back straight. The knees are over the hips, and your feet must be aligned with your knees.

  1. Thoracic Spine

Involving twelve vertebrae, thoracic spine forms the mid and upper side of your back.

  1. Tuck

Tuck requires you to push your pubic bone ahead of your hip bones. Your hip bones shift from the neutral position, and form a round shape at the back of your body.

  1. Triangles

Triangles are the oblique abs which run diagonally along the center of your torso.

  1. Two Way Energy

Pressing your feet tightly on the ground and reaching your head to the ceiling is the process of deriving two-way energy.

  1. Vertebrae

The 32 – 34 bones that make up the spine area are called vertebrae. One of the benefits of Pilates is to strengthen your core muscles and posture.

  1. Wunda Chair

The Wunda Chair is equipment to strengthen your Powerhouse. You can perform up to 75 pelvic exercises with the help of a Wunda Chair.

  1. Universal Reformer

“Universal Reformer” is another type of “Reformer” as mentioned above.

  1. Unilateral Movement

As the term suggests, it involves performing the exercise with the help of one side of your body.

  1. Smile Muscles

When your thighs push into your pelvis, the area below your buttocks forms a smile which is hence referred to as smile muscles.

  1. Zipper

Zipper relates to the process of zipping in your lower abs up and in.

The Importance of Pilates Terms

Knowing the different parts of the spine, the various equipment available, and the types of movements and exercises efficiently helps the practice performed to gain an edge while performing Pilates. It gives you an opportunity to extend your perspective, and will also help you understand the depth of various concepts involved in Pilates.

Garnering basic knowledge of the Glossary of Pilates terms will also help you expand your horizons and abilities while doing various Pilates exercises.

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